Oxford School of English

Types of Abuse & how to Identify them

Physical abuse

Physical abuse is the deliberate physical harm of a person. This includes:

Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates or deliberately induces illness in a child.

Physical signs to look for which might indicate a victim of physical abuse:

Physical abuse can also affect the emotional wellbeing of a person.
Some signs are listed below:

Sexual abuse

Child sexual abuse involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities or encouraging them to behave in a sexual way. The list below shows different types of sexual abuse:

It is important to remember that sexual abuse is not solely perpetrated my adult males. Women and other children can also commit these offences.


Children suffer from neglect if they are not provided with their essential needs, such as adequate food, water, shelter, emotional support and health care by their parent or guardian.

Here is a list of types of neglect:

Signs that may indicate neglect are listed below:

Emotional abuse

Emotional abuse is the severe and persistent ill treatment which adversely affects a child's emotional health and development. Emotional abuse is likely to occur alongside physical abuse, sexual abuse and neglect.

Types of emotion abuse are as follows:

Signs of emotional abuse can be found below: